Deborah was a rare person in the Bible, playing a triple role of prophetess, judge and warrior. Other than Moses and Samuel, nobody else held such a combination of authority and responsibility, and for a woman, it was truly extraordinary.
Deborah rose to fame under the rule of Jabin, king of Hazor. Jabin had held Israel in degrading subjugation for twenty years. The spirit of patriotism seemed crushed out of the nation. In this emergency Deborah, who was leading Israel at the time, roused the people from their lethargy and her fame spread far and wide.
She sent for Barak
son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, "The LORD , the God of Israel, commands you: 'Go, take with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun and lead the way to Mount Tabor. I will lure Sisera, the commander of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his troops to the Kishon River and give him into your hands.' "
Barak said to her, "If you go with me, I will go; but if you don't go with me, I won't go."
"Very well," Deborah said, "I will go with you. But because of the way you are going about this, the honor will not be yours, for the LORD will hand Sisera over to a woman." (Judges 4:6-9)
Deborah went with Barak and was joined by Zebulun and Naphtali and ten thousand more men. They went up to Mount Tabor. When Sisera found out the enemy was preparing an attack he gathered his troops for an assault. Deborah didn't wait. She gave the signal for attack and the Israelites rushed down for battle. They routed Sisera's army, slaying ever soldier in it. Sisera himself fled but was to meet his death soon.
That was a memorable victory and one which garnered a triumphul ode, the "Song of Deborah," which she wrote in grateful commemoration of that great deliverance. See Judges 5.