Job was an Arabian patriarch who resided in the land of Uz. A good man, he was blessed with great prosperity, but Satan suggested to God that Job's love for God was a result of his wealth.
But stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face."
God knew that this was not true but he allowed Satan to test Job on the proviso that he could do whatever he wanted but he wasn't allowed to take his life.
Over the next few years Job went through a period of enormous trial. All his animals were stolen or killed, his servants were slaughtered, and his sons and daughters were killed in a storm. Painful sores erupted all over his body. His friends came to sympathize but only made things worse by suggesting that God was punishing him for his sins.
Then Job started to question God's fairness to him, asking him why he didn't heal Job. He would rather die than suffer the pain in his body.
"Why did I not perish at birth,
and die as I came from the womb?
As a storm raged across the sky, God revealed his power and majesty to Job, and asked him if he was so wise that he could argue with someone like God.
Job realized that God's ways were not always understood, but that he was infinitely wise and could be trusted. Eventually God visited him with the rich tokens of his goodness and even greater prosperity than he had enjoyed before and blessed him with many more children.