Joshua succeeded Moses as the leader of Israel. Born as a slave in Egypt about forty years before the Exodus, he was the son of Nun of the tribe of Ephrain. Joshua was originally named Hoshea, but Moses gave him a new name.
Joshua was close to Moses from the very beginning of the Exodus. He was Moses's military commander when the Israelites defeated the Amalekites in Rephidim and later even accompanied him halfway up the mountain that Moses climbed to receive the Ten Commandments. Later, Joshua was one of twelve men that Moses sent to scout the land. He was only one of two who returned with an encouraging report of what he saw.
Just before Moses died, Joshua assumed leadership over Israel.
The LORD gave this command to Joshua son of Nun: "Be strong and courageous, for you will bring the Israelites into the land I promised them on oath, and I myself will be with you."
Generally regarded as one of the greatest military leaders of all time, Joshua's most famous victory came with God's assistance in the taking of Jericho. The city was under seige, but the walls appeared impenetrable.
Then the LORD said to Joshua, "See, I have delivered Jericho into your hands, along with its king and its fighting men. March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days. Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams' horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have all the people give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the people will go up, every man straight in."
Not questioning the wisdom of walking round and round a city blowing trumpets, Jericho obeyed and it happened just as God said. After the fall of Jericho, Joshua led the Israelites on an extended campaign to conquer the land that God commanded them to live in. Six nations and thirtyone kings fell to them, and once the Canaanites were subdued, Joshua divided that land among the tribes, accepting Timnath-serah in Mount Ephraim as his own inheritance.
Joshua died at the age of 110, 25 years after the Israelites entered into the Promised Land. He was buried in Timnath-serah.