One of the more controversial characters in the Bible, Lot was the son of Haran, grandson of Terah, and nephew of Abraham. When his father died, Lot paired up with Abraham in a series of migrations that led from Bethel to the Negev to Egypt, then back to the Negev and once again to Bethel.
Here the two separated over a dispute over grazing rights. In Egypt, both Abraham and Lot acquired large numbers of cattle, and the needs of their livestock made it impractical for them to stay together. Abraham told Lot to select a place for himself.
Lot looked up and saw that the whole plain of the Jordan was well watered, like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, toward Zoar. So Lot chose for himself the whole plain of the Jordan and set out toward the east. The two men parted company: Abram lived in the land of Canaan, while Lot lived among the cities of the plain and pitched his tents near Sodom.
Not many years after the separation he was taken captive by Chedorlaomer in a war that involved nine local kings. Abraham formed an army from among his servants and rescued him, defeating his captors. Soon after, when the judgment of God descended on the guilty city of Sodom, Lot was miraculously delivered [see Sodom - (coming December 4)]. When fleeing from the doomed city with his wife and two daughters, his wife looked back from behind him and became a pillar of salt. [see Lot's wife (coming December 5)]
Lot and his daughters sought refuge first in Zoar, and then, fearing to remain there longer, retired to a cave in the neighbouring mountains. Worried that they would never find husbands and have children, the daughters conspired to make their father drunk and have sex with them, another episode that makes lips curl downwards. Their offspring were named Moab and Benammi, whose descendents became known as the Moabites and Ammonites respectively.
Lot has recently been connected with the people called on the Egyptian monuments Rotanu or Lotanu, who is supposed to have been the hero of the Edomite tribe Lotan. (Easton's Bible Dictionary)