Micah lived at the same time as Isaiah in Judah and Hosea in Israel. He was from a small village called Moresheth-Gath, which was located twenty-two miles southwest of Jerusalem.
Micah’s prophetic ministry was during the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. During his lifetime, Judah’s greatest enemy was Assyria. When King Ahaz refused to join an alliance with Israel and Syria against Assyria, these two nations invaded Judah. God delivered His people from this crisis. Later when Hezekiah was king, Sennacherib of Assyria invaded the land and besieged Jerusalem. God sent his angel, who killed one hundred, eighty-five thousand Assyrians in one night leading them to flee.
In Micah’s day, Judah was prosperous. Her people were worldly and materialistic. Outwardly, they were very religious. Sacrifices were offered, but they were just forms to be observed. True devotion to God was lacking. Neither did the people apply the principles of their religion to everyday life. There were many false prophets who spoke what the people wanted to hear. Witchcraft and idolatry were practiced along with the worship of God. Judges and other government officials were corrupt. They took bribes and perverted justice. The poor were oppressed. Micah spoke out against these evils.
Micah also prophesied of the coming of the Savior. He foretold that the Lord would be born in Bethlehem of Judah.