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Monday, July 23, 2018
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Daily Bible Study

The Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments; Loggia De Raffaello; Christus Rex Three months after the exodus of the people of Israel from Egypt, Moses appealed to God for inspiration in order that the people of Israel might live peacefully and prayerfully under the guidance and shelter of God. God responded by calling Moses to climb Mt. Sinai, where he could give him his covenant to present to the people of Israel. Moses spent 40 days with the Lord, listening to him.

When the LORD finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the Testimony, the tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God. (Exodus 31:18)

Moses smashed the tablets when he came down the mountain and found the people he had left down engaged in idolatry, but they were replaced by another pair. These were the commandments on the tablets:

And God spoke all these words.

"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

"You shall have no other gods before me.

"You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand {generations} of those who love me and keep my commandments.

"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

"Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

"Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

"You shall not murder.

"You shall not commit adultery.

"You shall not steal.

"You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

"You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor." (Exodus 20:1-17)

Two different versions of the commandments are given in Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21, but the substance is the same in both of them. The Ten Commandments is also referred to as the Decalogue. They were placed in the Ark of the Covenant for safe keeping, which in turn was kept in the Tabernacle.

Click here for an abridged version of the Ten Commandments.

Quick Facts:
The Ten Commandments: The commandments that God gave Moses for the people of Israel

Additional Reference:
The Ten Commandments Project