Holy Spirit Interactive
Wednesday, April 26, 2017
Inside Holy Spirit Interactive

The Complete Catholic Handbook

The Complete Catholic Handbook

Ninth Article of the Creed

  1. What is the ninth article of the Creed?
  2. What is the Catholic Church?
  3. Who is the Head of the Catholic Church?
  4. Has the Church a visible Head on earth?
  5. Why is the Bishop of Rome the Head of the Church?
  6. How do you know that Christ appointed St. Peter to be the Head of the Church?
  7. What is the Bishop of Rome called?
  8. Is the Pope the spiritual Father of all Christians?
  9. Is the Pope the Shepherd and Teacher of all Christians?
  10. Is the Pope infallible?
  11. What do you mean when you say that the Pope is infallible?
  12. Has the Church of Christ any marks by which we may know her?
  13. How is the Church One?
  14. How is the Church Holy?
  15. What does the word Catholic mean?
  16. How is the Church Catholic or Universal?
  17. How is the Church Apostolic?
  18. Can the Church err in what she teaches?
  19. How do you know that the Church cannot err in what she teaches?
  20. What do your mean by the Communion of Saints?
  21. How are the faithful on earth in communion With each other?
  22. How are we in communion with the Saints in heaven?
  23. How are we in communion with the souls in purgatory?
  24. What is purgatory?
  25. What souls go to purgatory?
  26. What is temporal punishment?
  27. How do you prove that there is a purgatory?

  1. What is the ninth article of the Creed?
    The ninth article of the Creed is, ‘The Holy Catholic Church; the Communion of Saints’.

    Church. The whole body of Catholic Christians. It is divided into three parts:
    1. the Church triumphant, composed of the Saints in heaven;
    2. the Church suffering, composed of the holy souls in Purgatory;
    3. the Church militant, composed of the faithful on earth.

  2. What is the Catholic Church?
    The Catholic Church is the union of all the faithful under one head.

    Union. The being joined together.

    The faithful. All those who have been baptized and who profess the true faith. The whole body of Catholics.

  3. Who is the Head of the Catholic Church?
    The Head of the Catholic Church is Jesus Christ our Lord.

  4. Has the Church a visible Head on earth?
    The Church has a visible head on earth—the Bishop of Rome, who is the Vicar of Christ.

    Visible. That which we can see. Our Lord is the invisible Head of the Church. Invisible means that which we cannot see.

    Bishop. An overseer, one who has charge of a diocese; a successor of the Apostles.

    Rome. The residence of the Popes, and the chief city of Italy. St. Peter was the first Bishop of Rome.

    Vicar. One who performs the office or duty of another; one who supplies the place of another.

  5. Why is the Bishop of Rome the Head of the Church?
    The Bishop of Rome is the Head of the Church because he is the successor of St. Peter, whom Christ appointed to be the Head of the Church.

    Successor. One who comes after or takes the place of another, and is equal to him in power and authority.

    Appointed. Chosen or picked out, placed over.

  6. How do you know that Christ appointed St. Peter to be the Head of the Church?
    I know that Christ appointed St. Peter to be the Head of the Church, because Christ said to him; ‘Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And to thee I will give the keys of the kingdom of heaven’. (Matt. 14:18, 19)

    Peter. A rock. Our Lord added Peter to Simon’s name.

    Prevail. To overcome or to conquer, to defeat.

    The keys, etc. The power given to the Apostles and their successors to forgive sins, and to rule the Church.

  7. What is the Bishop of Rome called?
    The Bishop of Rome is called the Pope, which word signifies Father.

    Pope. Father. The Pope has charge of our souls, and is therefore our spiritual Father.

  8. Is the Pope the spiritual Father of all Christians?
    The Pope is the spiritual Father of all Christians.

  9. Is the Pope the Shepherd and Teacher of all Christians?
    The Pope is the Shepherd and Teacher of all Christians, because Christ made St. Peter the Shepherd of the whole flock when He said, ‘Feed My lambs, feed My sheep’. He also prayed that his ‘faith’ might never fail, and commanded him to ‘confirm’ his brethren. (John 21:15–17; Luke 22:32)

  10. Is the Pope infallible?
    The Pope is infallible.

  11. What do you mean when you say that the Pope is infallible?
    When I say that the Pope is infallible, I mean that the Pope cannot err when, as Shepherd and Teacher of all Christians, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals, to be held by the whole Church.

    The Pope is infallible. The doctrine of the Infallibility was solemnly defined at the Vatican Council in 1870.

  12. Has the Church of Christ any marks by which we may know her?
    The Church of Christ has four marks by which we may know her; she is One—she is Holy—she is Catholic—she is Apostolic.

    Marks. The signs or notes which distinguish the true Church from all others.

  13. How is the Church One?
    The Church is One because all her members agree in one Faith, have all the same Sacrifice and Sacraments, and are all united under one Head.

    Because all her members, etc. The Church is One in faith, in worship, and in government. The members of the Church are those who belong to it, or form a part of it.

  14. How is the Church Holy?
    The Church is Holy because she teaches a holy doctrine, offers to all the means of holiness, and is distinguished by the eminent holiness of so many thousands of her children.

    Because she teaches, etc. The Church is Holy in her doctrine, in her means of holiness, and in the effects of her teaching upon her children, which has made so many of them Saints. Those means which help us to become holy are the Sacraments, prayer, Holy Mass, good example, hearing instructions reading good books, etc.

    Distinguished. Marked out in a special manner.

    Eminent. Rising above others, very remarkable.

  15. What does the word Catholic mean?
    The word Catholic means Universal. Universal. Extending over the whole world.

  16. How is the Church Catholic or Universal?
    The Church is Catholic or Universal because she subsists in all ages, teaches all nations, and is the one Ark of salvation for all.

    Because she subsists, etc. The Church is Universal in time, in place and in doctrine.

  17. How is the Church Apostolic?
    The Church is Apostolic because she holds the doctrines and traditions of the Apostles, and because, through the unbroken succession of her Pastors, she derives her Orders and her Mission from them. Apostolic. Coming down from the time of the Apostles.

    Because she holds, etc. The Church is Apostolic in her doctrine, or teaching; in her orders, or priesthood; and in her mission, or that which she has been sent to do.

    Pastors. The bishops and priests of the Church, who are the shepherds of the fold of Christ.

    Unbroken. To go on without break or interruption.

  18. Can the Church err in what she teaches?
    The Church cannot err in what she teaches as to faith or morals, for she is our infallible guide in both. To err. To make a mistake.

    Faith. What we must believe. The Apostles’ Creed teaches us the chief articles of our faith.

    Morals. What we must do. The Commandments teach us morals.

    Infallible guide. One who cannot deceive or lead in a wrong way. The Pope, when speaking to the Church ex cathedra, as the successor of St. Peter, cannot err in faith or in morals.

  19. How do you know that the Church cannot err in what she teaches?
    I know that the Church cannot err in what she teaches, because Christ promised that the gates of hell shall never prevail against His Church; that the Holy Spirit shall teach her all things; and that he Himself will be with her all days, even to the consummation of the world. (Matt. 16:18; John 14:16–26; Matt. 28:20)

  20. What do your mean by the Communion of Saints?
    By the Communion of Saints I mean that all members of the Church, in heaven, on earth, and in purgatory, are in communion with each other, as being one body in Jesus Christ. Communion. To make common, to share, to join or unite together.

  21. How are the faithful on earth in communion with each other?
    The faithful on earth are in communion with each other by professing the same faith, obeying the same authority, and assisting each other with their prayers and good works.

  22. How are we in communion with the Saints in heaven?
    We are in communion with the Saints in heaven by honouring them as the glorified members of the Church; and also by our praying to them, and by their praying for us.

  23. How are we in communion with the souls in purgatory?
    We are in communion with the souls in purgatory by helping them with our prayers and good works; ‘it is a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, that they may be loosed from sins’. (2 Mach. 12:46.)

    Purgatory. A place for cleansing or purifying.

  24. What is purgatory?
    Purgatory is a place where souls suffer for a time after death on account of their sins.

  25. What souls go to purgatory?
    Those souls go to purgatory that depart this life in venial sin, or that have not fully paid the debt of temporal punishment due to those sins of which the guilt has been forgiven.

    Debt. That which one owes to another.

    Temporal. Lasting only for a time.

  26. What is temporal punishment?
    Temporal punishment is punishment which will have an end, either in this world or in the world to come.

  27. How do you prove that there is a purgatory?
    I prove that there is a purgatory from the constant teaching of the Church; and from the doctrine of Holy Scripture, which declares that God will render to every man according to his works; that nothing defiled shall enter heaven; and that some will be saved, ‘yet so as by fire’. (Matt. 16:27; Apoc. 21:27; 1 Cor. 3:15.)

    Scripture. A writing; the books of the Bible, the written word of God. Render. To pay back, to give.

    Defiled. Corrupted or stained, polluted, made dirty.

    Next: Tenth Article of the Creed