The last anointing, being given only in danger of death by sickness.
The matter consists of oil of olives blessed by a Bishop; the form consists of the words used by the priest whilst anointing the sick person: ‘By this holy anointing, and of His own most tender mercy, may the Lord forgive thee whatever thou hast committed by thy sight’. The eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, hands, and feet are each anointed, and the form of words repeated, except in cases of urgent necessity, when one form of words is sufficient for all.
Comforts the soul; cleanses the soul from venial sin; takes away guilt of unknown mortal sins which have not been forgiven in any other way; increases habitual grace; restores health where God sees it to be desirable.
Used in the time of the Apostles, according to St James (v. 14, 15): ‘Is any one sick among you,’ etc.
Each priest in his own parish.
Pouring or rubbing oil on anything.