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The Complete Catholic Handbook
Holy Spirit Interactive: The Complete Catholic Handbook: Chapter VII - Of Virtues and Vices

The Complete Catholic Handbook

Chapter VII - Of Virtues and Vices

  1. Which are the Theological Virtues?
  2. Why are they called Theological Virtues?
  3. What are the chief mysteries of Faith which every Christian is bound to know?
  4. Which are the Cardinal Virtues?
  5. Why are they called Cardinal Virtues?
  6. Which are the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit?
  7. Which are the twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit?
  8. Which are the two great precepts of Charity?
  9. Which are the seven Corporal Works of Mercy?
  10. Which are the seven SpiritualWorks of Mercy?
  11. Which are the eight Beatitudes?
  12. Which are the seven capital sins or vices and their contrary virtues?
  13. Why are they called capital sins?
  14. Which are the six sins against the Holy Spirit?
  15. Which are the four sins crying to heaven for vengeance?
  16. When are we answerable for the sins of others?
  17. In how many ways may we either cause or share the guilt of another’s sin?
  18. Which are the three eminent Good Works?
  19. Which are the Evangelical Counsels?
  20. What are the four last things to be ever remembered?

  1. Which are the Theological Virtues?
    The TheologicalVirtues are: ‘Faith, Hope, and Charity’. (1 Cor. xiii. 13.)

    Theological.
    Belonging or relating to God. Faith, Hope, and Charity have God for their direct object and motive. The matter on which our faith is exercised is called the object; why we believe is termed the motive. Virtue. A habitual tendency to act rightly; the opposite to vice, which is a blemish or fault.

  2. Why are they called Theological Virtues?
    They are called Theological Virtues because they relate immediately to God.

  3. What are the chief mysteries of Faith which every Christian is bound to know?
    The chief mysteries of Faith which every Christian is bound to know are the Unity and Trinity of God, who will render to every man according to his works; and the Incarnation, Death, and Resurrection of our Saviour.

  4. Which are the Cardinal Virtues?
    The Cardinal Virtues are: ‘Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance’. (Wisd. 8:7)

    Cardinal.
    Principal or chief, from Latin Cardo, a hinge. All other virtues either depend or spring from them.

    Prudence.
    This virtue enlightens our mind, and leads us to take proper and effectual means for securing our salvation.

    Justice.
    Giving what is due to God, our neighbours, and ourselves.

    Fortitude.
    Having courage to resist anything which may hinder our salvation, and to bear bravely all trials for the love of God.

    Temperance.
    Being moderate in all things. ‘He that is temperate’, saith the wise man, ‘shall prolong life’ (Ecclus. 37:34)

  5. Why are they called Cardinal Virtues?
    They are called Cardinal Virtues because they are, as it were, the hinges on which all other moral virtues turn.

  6. Which are the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit?
    The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are:
    1. Wisdom;
    2. Understanding;
    3. Counsel;
    4. Fortitude;
    5. Knowledge;
    6. Piety;
    7. The fear of the Lord. (Isa. 11:2,3)

  7. Which are the twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit?
    The twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit are:
    1. Charity;
    2. Joy;
    3. Peace;
    4. Patience;
    5. Benignity;
    6. Goodness;
    7. Longanimity;
    8. Mildness;
    9. Faith;
    10. Modesty;
    11. Continency;
    12. Chastity. (Gal. 5:22)

  8. Which are the two great precepts of Charity?
    The two great precepts of Charity are:
    1. ‘Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength’.
    2. ‘Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself’. (Mark: 11:30,31)

  9. Which are the seven Corporal Works of Mercy?
    The seven Corporal Works of Mercy are:
    1. To feed the hungry;
    2. To give drink to the thirsty;
    3. To clothe the naked;
    4. To harbour the harbourless;
    5. To visit the sick;
    6. To visit the imprisoned;
    7. To bury the dead. (Matt. 25:35,36; Tobias 12:12)

    Corporal works.
    Those done for the benefit of the body.

  10. Which are the seven SpiritualWorks of Mercy?
    The seven SpiritualWorks of Mercy are:
    1. To convert the sinner;
    2. To instruct the ignorant;
    3. To counsel the doubtful;
    4. To comfort the sorrowful;
    5. To bear wrongs patiently;
    6. To forgive injuries;
    7. To pray for the living and the dead.

    Spiritual works.
    Those done for the benefit of the soul.

  11. Which are the eight Beatitudes?
    The eight Beatitudes are:
    1. ‘Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
    2. Blessed are the meek; for they shall possess the land.
    3. Blessed are they that mourn; for they shall be comforted.
    4. Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice; for they shall have their fill.
    5. Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.
    6. Blessed are the clean of heart; for they shall see God.
    7. Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall be called the children of God.
    8. Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice’ sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven’. (Matt. 5:3–10.)

    Eight Beatitudes.
    Eight blessings. The virtues pronounced blessed by our Lord in His Sermon on the Mount.

  12. Which are the seven capital sins or vices and their contrary virtues?
    The seven capital sins or vices and their contrary virtues are:
    1. Pride;
    2. Covetousness;
    3. Lust;
    4. Anger;
    5. Gluttony;
    6. Envy;
    7. Sloth.

    Contrary virtues:

    1. Humility;
    2. Liberality;
    3. Chastity;
    4. Meekness;
    5. Temperance;
    6. Brotherly Love;
    7. Diligence.

    Lust means impurity; sloth means idleness.

  13. Why are they called capital sins?
    They are called capital sins because they are the sources from which all other sins take their rise.

  14. Which are the six sins against the Holy Spirit?
    The six sins against the Holy Spirit are:
    1. Presumption;
    2. Despair;
    3. Resisting the known truth;
    4. Envy of another’s spiritual good;
    5. Obstinacy in sin;
    6. Final impenitence.

    Obstinacy in sin.
    Being determined to go on living in sin.

    Final impenitence.
    Not repenting even at the hour of death.

  15. Which are the four sins crying to heaven for vengeance?
    The four sins crying to heaven for vengeance are:
    1. Wilful murder (Gen. 4);
    2. The sin of Sodom (Gen. 18);
    3. Oppression of the poor (Exod.2);
    4. Defrauding labourers of their wages (James 5).

    Oppression.
    Being very unjust or cruel, harming a person.

    Defrauding.
    Taking away by deceit or by cheating.

  16. When are we answerable for the sins of others?
    We are answerable for the sins of others whenever we either cause them, or share in them, through our own fault.

  17. In how many ways may we either cause or share the guilt of another’s sin?
    We may either cause or share the guilt of another’s sin in nine ways:
    1. By counsel;
    2. By command;
    3. By consent;
    4. By provocation;
    5. By praise or flattery;
    6. By concealment;
    7. By being a partner in the sin;
    8. By silence;
    9. By defending the ill done.

    Counsel.
    To give advice or direction to a person.

    Provocation.
    To incite another to do something.

    Defence of the ill done.
    Taking the part of a bad person or of his wicked actions, and trying to justify them.

  18. Which are the three eminent Good Works?
    The three eminent Good Works are: Prayer, Fasting, and Almsdeeds.

    Eminent.
    Remarkable, being above others.

    Almsdeeds.
    Works of charity.

  19. Which are the Evangelical Counsels?
    The Evangelical Counsels are: voluntary Poverty, perpetual Chastity, and entire Obedience.

    Evangelical.
    Being in accordance with the doctrine of the Gospel. The writers of the Gospels are called Evangelists; they are SS. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

    Voluntary.
    Of one’s own free will or choice.

    Perpetual.
    Going on without ceasing.

    Entire Obedience.
    Being obedient in everything that is not sin.

  20. What are the four last things to be ever remembered?
    The four last things to be ever remembered are: Death, Judgement, Hell, and Heaven (Ecclus. 7).

    Next week: Chapter VIII - The Christians's Rule of Life