Catechism of the Catholic Church
Part Three: Life in Christ
Section One: Man's Vocation in the Spirit
Chapter One: The Dignity of the Human Person
Chapter Two: The Human Communion
- Article 1: Man: The Image of God
- Article 2: Our Vocation to Beatitude
- The Beatitudes
- The Desire for Happiness
- Christian Beatitude
- Article 3: Man's Freedom
- Freedom and Responsibility
- Human Freedom in the Economy of Salvation
- Article 4: The Morality of Human Acts
- The Sources of Morality
- Good Acts and Evil Acts
- Article 5: The Morality of the Passions
- Passions and Moral Life
- Article 6: Moral Conscience
- The Judgment of Conscience
- The Formation of Conscience
- To Choose in Accord with Conscience
- Erroneous Judgment
- Article 7: The Virtues
- The Human Virtues
- The Theological Virtues
- The Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit
- Article 8: Sin
- Mercy and Sin
- The Definition of Sin
- The Different Kinds of Sins
- The Gravity of Sin: Mortal and Venial Sin
- The Proliferation of Sin
Chapter Three: God's Salvation: Law and Grace
- Article 1: The Person and Society
- The Communal Character of the Human Vocation
- Conversion and Society
- Article 2: Participation in Social Life
- The Common Good
- Responsibility and Participation
- Article 3: Social Justice
- Respect for the Human Person
- Equality and Differences Among Men
- Human Solidarity
- Article 1: The Moral Law
- The Natural Law
- The Old Law
- The New Law or the Law of the Gospels
- Article 2: Grace and Justification
- Christian Holiness
- Article 3: The Church, Mother and Teacher
- Moral Life and the Magisterium of the Church
- The Precepts of the Church
- Moral Life and Missionary Witness
Section Two: The Ten Commandments
Chapter One: You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind
- Article 1: The First Commandment
- "You shall worship the Lord your God and Him only shall you serve"
- "Him only shall you serve"
- "You shall have no other gods before me"
- "You shall not make for yourself a graven image . . ."
- Article 2: The Second Commandment
- The Name of the Lord is Holy
- Taking the Name of the Lord in Vain
- The Christian Name
- Article 3: The Third Commandment
- The Sabbath Day
- The Lord's Day
Chapter Two: You Shall Love Your Neighbor as Yourself
- Article 4: The Fourth Commandment
- The Family in God's Plan
- The Family and Society
- The Duties of Family Members
- The Family and the Kingdom
- The Authorities in Civil Society
- Article 5: The Fifth Commandment
- Respect for Human Life
- Respect for the Dignity of Persons
- Safeguarding Peace
- Article 6: The Sixth Commandment
- "Male and Female He Created Them"
- The Vocation to Chastity
- The Love of Husband and Wife
- Offenses Against the Dignity of Marriage
- Article 7: The Seventh Commandment
- The Universal Destination and the Private Ownership of Goods
- Respect for Persons and their Goods
- The Social Doctrine of the Church
- Economic Activity and Social Justice
- Justice and Solidarity Among Nations
- VI. Love for the Poor
- Article 8: The Eighth Commandment
- Living in the Truth
- To Bear Witness to the Truth
- Offences Against Truth
- Respect for Truth
- The Use of the Social Communications Media
- Truth, Beauty, and Sacred Art
- Article 9: The Ninth Commandment
- Purification of the Heart
- The Battle for Purity
- Article 10: The Tenth Commandment
- The Disorder of Covetous Desires
- The Desires of the Spirit
- Poverty of Heart
- "I Want to See God"
1691 "Christian, recognize your dignity and, now that you share in God's
own nature, do not return to your former base condition by Sinning.
Remember who is your head and of whose body you are a member. Never forget
that you have been rescued from the power of darkness and brought into the
light of the Kingdom of God."
1692 The Symbol of the faith confesses the greatness of God's gifts to man
in his work of creation, and even more in redemption and sanctification.
What faith confesses, the sacraments communicate: by the sacraments of
rebirth, Christians have become "children of God," "partakers of the
divine nature." Coming to see in the faith their new dignity,
Christians are called to lead henceforth a life "worthy of the gospel of
Christ." They are made capable of doing so by the Grace of Christ and
the gifts of his Spirit, which they receive through the sacraments and
1693 Christ Jesus always did what was pleaSing to the Father, and
always lived in perfect communion with him. Likewise Christ's disciples
are invited to live in the sight of the Father "who sees in secret," in
order to become "perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect."
1694 Incorporated into Christ by Baptism, Christians are "dead to Sin and
alive to God in Christ Jesus" and so participate in the life of the Risen
Lord. Following Christ and united with him, Christians can strive to
be "imitators of God as beloved children, and walk in love" by
conforming their thoughts, words and actions to the "mind . . . which is
yours in Christ Jesus," and by following his example.
1695 "Justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of
our God," "sanctified . . . [and] called to be saints," Christians
have become the temple of the Holy Spirit. This "Spirit of the Son"
teaches them to pray to the Father and, having become their life,
prompts them to act so as to bear "the fruit of the Spirit" by charity
in action. Healing the wounds of Sin, the Holy Spirit renews us interiorly
through a spiritual transformation. He enlightens and strengthens us
to live as "children of light" through "all that is good and right and
1696 The way of Christ "leads to life"; a contrary way "leads to
destruction." The Gospel parable of the two ways remains ever present
in the catechesis of the Church; it shows the importance of moral
decisions for our salvation: "There are two ways, the one of life, the
other of death; but between the two, there is a great difference."
1697 Catechesis has to reveal in all clarity the joy and the demands of
the way of Christ. Catechesis for the "newness of life" in him
-a catechesis of the Holy Spirit, the interior Master of life according to
Christ, a gentle guest and friend who inspires, guides, corrects, and
strengthens this life;
-a catechesis of Grace, for it is by Grace that we are saved and again it
is by Grace that our works can bear fruit for eternal life;
-a catechesis of The Beatitudes, for the way of Christ is summed up in the
beatitudes, the only path that leads to the eternal beatitude for which
the human heart longs;
-a catechesis of Sin and forgiveness, for unless man acknowledges that he
is a Sinner he cannot know the truth about himself, which is a condition
for acting justly; and without the offer of forgiveness he would not be
able to bear this truth;
-a catechesis of The Human Virtues which causes one to grasp the beauty
and attraction of right dispositions towards goodness;
-a catechesis of the Christian virtues of faith, hope, and charity,
generously inspired by the example of the saints;
-a catechesis of the twofold commandment of charity set forth in the
-an ecclesial catechesis, for it is through the manifold exchanges of
"spiritual goods" in the "communion of saints" that Christian life can
grow, develop, and be communicated.
1698 The first and last point of reference of this catechesis will always
be Jesus Christ himself, who is "the way, and the truth, and the
life." It is by looking to him in faith that Christ's faithful can
hope that he himself fulfills his promises in them, and that, by loving
him with the same love with which he has loved them, they may perform
works in keeping with their dignity:
I ask you to consider that our Lord Jesus Christ is your true head, and
that you are one of his members. He belongs to you as the head belongs to
its members; all that is his is yours: his spirit, his heart, his body and
soul, and all his faculties. You must make use of all these as of your
own, to serve, praise, love, and glorify God. You belong to him, as
members belong to their head. And so he longs for you to use all that is
in you, as if it were his own, for the service and glory of the
Father. For to me, to live is Christ.
St. Leo the Great Sermo 22 in nat. Dom., 3: PL 54, 192C.
Jn 1:12; 1 Jn 3:1.
2 Pet 1:4.
Cf. Jn 8:29.
Rom 6:11 and cf. 6:5; cf. Col 2:12.
Cf. Jn 15:5.
Cf. Jn 13:12-16.
2 Cor 6:11.
1 Cor 1:2.
Cf. 1 Cor 6:19.
Cf. Gal 4:6.
Gal 5:22, 25.
Cf. Eph 4:23.
Eph 5:8, 9.
Mt 7:13; cf. Deut 30: 15-20.
Didache 1, 1: SCh 248, 140.
Cf. John Paul II, CT 29.
St. John Eudes, Tract. de admirabili corde Jesu, 1, 5.